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“十三五”职业教育创新从哪儿破题
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“十三五”职业教育创新从哪儿破题
作者:admin    本文来源:本站原创    点击数:3750    更新时间:2016/4/5
      创新驱动是国家既定的发展战略。在国家的“十三五”规划纲要中,创新驱动作为一个指标大项,更是首次被写入了规划纲要之中。面对这一要求,职业教育该如何应对,实现创新驱动,可持续健康发展呢?

  抓原创,力求理论引领创新

  zhangqiyilai,zhiyejiaoyudelilunyinlingyizhishiyigeshangtongsuozai。“banbijiangshan”detiliangheguimo,zhongduodeyanjiuzhuanjiahexuezhe,tibuchushuyuzhiyejiaoyuzijidebenzhendelilun、moxinghuoyanjiusilu,chuangjianzhiyejiaoyuzijideyanjiulingyuhehuayutixi,erzhinengyifuputongjiaoyuxuelilun,congneilizhaolilun、zhaofangfa,zuoxiegaitouhuanmiandechuli,yonglaizhidaozhiyejiaoyudeshijian。xianranzheizhongjingguo“zhengrong”deweililun、jialilun,genbenbukenengyinlingzhiyejiaoyuzouxiangchenggong。

  “shisanwu”qijian,zheiyangdecuoweiyinlingzaiyebunengrangtachixuxiaqule。zhiyejiaoyuyinggaigengyunzijideyanjiulingyu,chuanglijiongbieyuputongjiaoyuxuede、shuyuzhiyejiaoyudeyuanchuanglilun,cainengkaichuangzhiyejiaoyuyanjiudexinjumian。qizhongkuajieyuzhenghelilunjiushizhiyejiaoyudebenzhenlilun、yuanchuanglilun。

  jiangdayuanxianshengtichudezhiyejiaoyudekuajielilun,shiduizhiyejiaoyuxingzhidezhunquejieding,fuhezhiyejiaoyudebenzhishuxing。tazhichu:kuajiedezhiyejiaoyu“zaibanxuezhiducengmian,‘xiaoqihezuo’debanxuexingshidapolefengbideqiyeyuxuexiaogeziyunzuode‘weicheng’。zairencaipeiyangcengmian,‘gongxuejiehe’derencaipeiyangmoshikuayuelefengedegongzuoyuxuexigezigulide‘jiexian’。zaishehuigongnengcengmian,‘yifuwuweizongzhi、yijiuyeweidaoxiang’demubiaozhixiangkuayuelechuantongdezhiyeyujiaoyugezidingweide‘jiangyu’。”

  bizhetichudezhenghelilun,yishiduizhiyejiaoyubenzhiguilvhefangfalundezhexuebawo,zhuanzhu《gaodengzhiyejiaoyuzhenghelun》,chuangxinlegaodengzhiyejiaoyuzhengheyanjiudelilunjichu,shulilegaodengzhiyejiaoyuzhenghefazhandelishiyanjin,congshijianshijiaozongjielegaodengzhiyejiaoyuzhenghefazhandezhengtijingyan。

  破难点,重视实践突破创新

  “shisanwu”dewunianshijian,shizhiyejiaoyuzhanzaixinqidian、zaishangxintaijiedeguanjianshiduan。zhiyejiaoyumianlinzhexuduoyoudaitupodeshijiannanti。

  rujiaoyububanbude《gaodengzhiyejiaoyuchuangxinfazhanxingdongjihua(2015-2018nian)》tichude,“xiandaizhiyejiaoyutixijianshedeshixianlujinghezhiduchuangxin”wenti,“tansuoqubieyuxuekexingrencaipeiyangdebenkecengcizhiyejiaoyushixianxingshihepeiyangmoshi”wenti,“yixuefenzhuanhuanhexuelibuchongweihexindezhipuhutongjizhi”wenti,“rongrenwensuyang、zhiyejingshen、zhiyejinengweiyitideyurenwenhuajiangou”wenti,haiyou“hulianwang+”he“zhongguozhizao2025”beijingxiazhiyejiaoyuruheshiyinghezhutuijingjifazhandewenti,xinchangtaixiazhiyejiaoyuruhefuwuyuzhuanfangshi、diaojiegou、cushengji、quchuangxindewentideng。

  chulezheixiexinwentiwai,haiyouyixiezhangqikunraowomen、tuijinbulidelaowenti。ruxiaoqihezuozhangqicunzaidemeigaodu(lilunbugao,“ai”)、meizhangdu(zhangxiaonanqiu,“duan”)、meiguangdu(kuandubugou,“zhai”)、meishendu(yanshenbuji,“qian”)、meixiaodu(xiaoguobujia,“qiong”)de“wudu”wenti。zhiyejiaoyushishichuangxinqudongzhanlve,jiushiyaozaijiejuezheixiexinjiuhuodian、zhongdian、nandian、mangdianwentishangzuowenzhang、xiagongfu、qiutupo,yishixianshijiantupochuangxin。

  成机制,让创新成为追求和自觉

  “shisanwu”qijian,shiyigebixubachuangxinfangzaixinzhong、kangzaijianshangdelishishiqi,shichuangxinchengweishidaizhuxuanlvhezhujidiaodeniandai,zhiyejiaoyuqinengganweirenhou。hekuang,meiyouchuangxinjiumeiyouzhijiaodefazhan,jiumeiyouzhijiaodejinbu,jiumeiyouzhijiaodechulu。chuangxinshizhiyejiaoyubiewuxuanzedebiyouzhilu。

  suoyi,meiyiweizhijiaorendouyinggaiyichuangxinweijiren,jijitoushenyugaigechuangxindeshidaihongliuhedachaozhongqu,rangchuangxinchengweiyizhongchangtai,yizhongjizhi,yizhongzhuiqiu,yizhongzijue。

  yexuyourenhuaiyizijidechuangxinnengli,erdanyuchuangxin。qishi,chuangxinbingbuxiangwomenxiangxiangdeneimenan。tabingbushenmi,yebushisheidezhuanli。taqishijiushikuajie、qianyihezhenghe。taoxingzhixianshengzaojiushuoguo:“renrenshichuangzaozhiren,tiantianshichuangzaozhishi,chuchushichuangzaozhidi”。kejiantashishishi、chuchu,renrennengzhide。erqiechuangxinshizaichuangxinzhonglianjiudeyizhongnengli,nibuquchuangxin,jiuyongyuanbuhuichuangxin,yongyuanyuchuangxinwuyuan。chuangxin,shirendefazhanyuchengzhangdezuihaodetuidongli,shizhiyejiaoyukechixujiankangfazhandeheneng。

 

  (作者系教育部职业教育中心研究所特聘研究员)

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